Welcome to our comprehensive guide on what do bearded dragons eat! If you're a proud owner of a bearded dragon or considering getting one as a pet, it's essential to understand their dietary needs. Bearded dragons are fascinating reptiles known for their unique appearance and friendly demeanor. In this article, we'll explore the diverse diet of these magnificent creatures, providing you with all the information you need to ensure the optimal health and nutrition of your bearded dragon.

What Do Bearded Dragons Eat?

Bearded dragons are omnivorous creatures, meaning they consume both plant matter and animal protein. Their diet consists of a variety of foods, including insects, fruits, vegetables, and even flowers. A well-balanced diet is crucial to maintain the overall health and vitality of your pet.

What Do Bearded Dragons Eat in the Wild?

In their natural habitat of Australia, bearded dragons have access to a wide range of food sources. Their diet primarily consists of small insects such as crickets, roaches, and mealworms. Additionally, they feed on a variety of greens, fruits, and flowers that are found in their environment.

What Do Bearded Dragons Eat as Pets?

As pets, bearded dragons require a diet that closely mimics their natural food sources. Here are some essential components to include in their diet:

1. Insects

Insects form a significant part of a bearded dragon's diet. Some common insects suitable for feeding your pet include crickets, roaches, mealworms, and waxworms. These insects provide essential protein and are readily available in pet stores. It's important to offer a variety of insects to ensure a well-rounded diet.

2. Vegetables

Bearded dragons benefit from a diverse selection of vegetables in their diet. Leafy greens like collard greens, kale, and mustard greens are excellent choices. Other suitable vegetables include bell peppers, carrots, squash, and green beans. Ensure that the vegetables are finely chopped or shredded to make them easier for your bearded dragon to consume.

3. Fruits

Fruits can be given to bearded dragons as an occasional treat. Some safe fruits for them include apples, berries, melons, and bananas. However, fruits should be offered in moderation due to their higher sugar content. Remember to remove any seeds or pits before feeding fruits to your pet.

4. Flowers

Bearded dragons can enjoy certain types of flowers as part of their diet. Edible flowers such as hibiscus, dandelion, and nasturtiums are safe and can provide additional nutrients. It's essential to ensure that the flowers you offer are free from pesticides or other harmful chemicals.

What Nutritional Requirements Should Be Considered?

To maintain optimal health, bearded dragons require a balance of essential nutrients. Here are some key considerations:

1. Protein

Protein is a vital component of a bearded dragon's diet, especially during their growth and development stages. Insects such as crickets and roaches are excellent sources of protein. You can also consider offering your pet high-quality commercial reptile foods specifically formulated for bearded dragons.

2. Calcium and Vitamin D3

Bearded dragons need adequate calcium and vitamin D3 to support healthy bone growth and prevent metabolic bone disease. Dusting the insects and vegetables with a calcium supplement or providing a calcium-rich reptile multivitamin is essential. Exposing your bearded dragon to natural sunlight or using appropriate UVB lighting is also crucial for vitamin D3 synthesis.

3. Hydration

Proper hydration is essential for bearded dragons' overall health. Ensure that fresh, clean water is always available in a shallow dish. Additionally, you can promote hydration by offering fruits and vegetables with high water content, such as cucumber and watermelon.

Frequently Asked Questions

FAQ 1: How often should I feed my bearded dragon?
It's recommended to feed adult bearded dragons a combination of insects and vegetables every day. Younger dragons require more frequent feedings, usually twice a day, to support their rapid growth.

FAQ 2: Can bearded dragons eat lettuce?
While lettuce can be offered occasionally, it doesn't provide significant nutritional value. It's best to focus on offering more nutrient-dense greens such as collard greens, kale, and mustard greens.

FAQ 3: Are there any foods I should avoid feeding my bearded dragon?
Yes, some foods are toxic or can cause digestive issues in bearded dragons. Avoid feeding your pet avocados, rhubarb, spinach, and any insects collected from the wild.

FAQ 4: Can bearded dragons eat baby food?
While some baby foods may be suitable for bearded dragons, it's crucial to check the ingredients and avoid products containing preservatives, artificial flavors, or added sugars. It's always best to offer fresh, natural foods whenever possible.

FAQ 5: Should I gut-load insects before feeding them to my bearded dragon?
Gut-loading insects involves feeding them nutritious foods before offering them to your pet. This practice ensures that the insects provide optimal nutrition for your bearded dragon. High-quality commercial gut-loading diets are available, or you can offer them fresh fruits and vegetables.

FAQ 6: How do I know if my bearded dragon is getting enough calcium?
Signs of calcium deficiency in bearded dragons include weakness, tremors, deformities, and a lack of appetite. Regularly dusting their food with a calcium supplement and providing access to UVB lighting can help prevent calcium-related health issues.


Proper nutrition is vital for the well-being and longevity of your bearded dragon. By providing a varied and balanced diet consisting of insects, vegetables, fruits, and flowers, you can ensure their nutritional needs are met. Remember to incorporate essential nutrients like protein, calcium, and vitamin D3 into their diet and offer fresh water for hydration. With the information provided in this comprehensive guide, you can confidently provide the best possible care for your beloved bearded dragon.